Process Safety Management (PSM) is the management of hazards associated with the processing of products, particularly highly volatile substances such as hydrocarbons. The principle behind it is to reduce the number of incidents involving the release of highly volatile or toxic substances or, at the very least, mitigate the severity of such incidents. The oil and gas industries use process safety management extensively, particularly where they are processing volatile products or have large inventories of flammable or toxic materials.
Process safety starts with design-friendly plants which can withstand human error and equipment failure without serious effects on safety, environment and efficiency. Process design analysis is very much helpful to assess the risks in the project. It involves activities like hazard analysis, risk analysis, guidelines for estimating losses and project review and procedures. Process safety identifies risk and control measures to reduce or eliminate the risks to avoid the unwanted events.
Employers must acquire written process safety information to conduct process hazard analysis in order to identify and understand the hazards posed by the processes, the highly hazardous chemicals used or produced by the process, the technology of the process, and the equipment used in the process.
It is intended to:
- Establish a safety culture;
- Establish Safety management leadership & commitment;
- Ensure operating excellence through operational discipline.
The application of process safety management identifies process hazards to be understood & controlled so that process related injuries and incidents can be prevented.
Course 1: Process Safety Management (PSM)